- The first step is at the quarry. Granite blocks are cut from the bedrock. The most common way of doing this is drilling. A pneumatic drill bores vertical holes in the granite along the cut line approximately 20 feet deep. The quarrymen then use steel bits with steel teeth to cut away at the core of the rock.
2. Granite blocks are usually about 3 ft wide, 3 ft high, and 10 ft long, weighing about 20,250 lbs. After the granite block is cut loose, workers either loop a cable around the block, attach the cable to a large derrick that lifts the granite block onto a flatbed truck that transports it to the headstone manufacturer.
3. After arriving at the granite manufacturer, the granite slabs are then cut into smaller slabs. The slabs are generally 6, 8, 10, or 12 inches thick. This step is done with a rotary diamond saw. The saw is equipped with a 5 ft or 11 ft solid steel diamond blade.
4. Now the cut slabs are polished. The cut slabs are passed under a varying number of rotating heads (usually eight to 13) with differing levels of grit arranged from the most to the least. The first few heads have a harsh diamond grit, the middle heads are for honing, and the last few heads are equipped with felt buffer pads. These pads have water and aluminum or tin oxide powder on them to polish the stone to a smooth, glossy finish. The headstone is then ready for finishing. The granite slabs are either cut or rock pitched into the desired shape and size. Rock pitching is a cutting technique that involves chiseling the outer edges of the stone by hand, giving a more defined, personal shape. Then the monument is crated and sent to the monument builder.
5. The design department will take the customer ideas and create a headstone layout showing in detail what the finished memorial will look like. This will be presented to the customer for approval of the art work and inscription.
6. After the designed layout for the headstone or memorial is approved, the engravers use the computer generated artwork in the form of a stencil to carve the memorial. This stencil is used as a guide to engrave any information, such as words, dates, or emblems, into the granite headstone surface. In earlier years, the design was hand drawn onto the stone, and then hand-carved. Having the customer involved in every part of the design and signing a final proof ensures that the engraving will be exactly as presented. Computer systems have improved the accuracy and precision of monument building, but the process is still greatly reliant on the artisan’s skill and ability to work with the computer programs, machinery and carving processes.
7. Once the stencil has been applied, the granite is then carved by a craftsman. The engraver uses a high-pressure air hose to trace the design from the stencil into the granite headstones. Once the design is carved from the stencil, the engravers fill in the crevasses with black or white litho, so that the lettering stands out against the natural coloring of the stone. The uncut portion of the stencil is then removed, and, after the standard final preparations, the granite headstone is ready to be shipped.
You can add photos, vases, and other items to personalize your headstone memorial.
Sun City Granite porcelain ceramics photos are supplied from Paradise Pictures we feel they have the best process and product on the market with an lifetime warranty..
About Paradise Pictures, LLC
Paradise Pictures® introduced the first high fired color photo ceramic process to the memorial industry in 1991. Our process ensures the best reproduction of your client’s photos through digital scanning, computer color adjustment, and proprietary high-resolution digital imaging. This unique process creates a ceramic memorial portrait that exceeds the requirements for durability in memorial applications. Ceramic colors fired at very high temperatures in our photo ceramic process endure the extremes of weather and environment. Colors will not fade and the medallion finish will not deteriorate, thus ensuring the permanence expected in the memorial industry.
Our process creates a finished product with an image as sharp as the original photograph with natural skin tones and detailed color quality. We begin with the family’s photograph, scan it at a high resolution, digitally clean the photo as needed, and correct any color imbalances. Imaging is accomplished using our proprietary process and the medallion is fired at a temperature of up to 1,400 degrees Fahrenheit. Thanks to the efficiencies of our unique equipment and digital technology, our process is typically completed in less than 15 working days. This union of time-honored ancient enameling and high-resolution digital photography brings the finest quality portraits to the memorialization industry.